Casino Glossary

Like every sport, pastime or entertainment activity, gambling has its own unique set of terms. From names indicating card types to slang used by players, gambling terminology is important for anyone hoping to win at his chosen game. Below is a gambling glossary, complete with general gambling terms and more game-specific definitions.


Bankroll: The total amount of money a player possesses and is willing to bet.

Fixed Odds Games: Games wherein a gambler knows in advance what the return on a bet will be when it is placed.

House Edge: The mathematical edge that the casino has over the player on a particular bet. For example, a house edge of 1% means that for every £100 bet by a player, the likely long term outcome will be £99 won by the player, and £1 taken by the casino.

House Rules: Rules laid out by the casino that players and dealers must follow. Breaking house rules may result in being banned from the casino.

Maximum Bet: The largest amount a casino will permit you to wager on a single bet.

Payout Table (Pay Table): The sign indicating the value of a winning hand or set of symbols assigned to the number of coins, chips or credits played. Seen mostly in slots and video poker.

Random Number Generator (RNG): Hardware used to create the random numbers that determine the outcome of online casino games and ensure random distribution of wins and losses.

Shoe: The box from which the cards are dealt.

Wagering Requirements: Restrictions placed on online casino bonuses and typically expressed in a play-through amount (for example, 20x – 40x initial deposit). Wagering requirements posit that a player must play a certain amount of bets/hands before he is able to cash out the bonus.

Wild Card: A joker or other card that can be used as any other card to complete your hand in card games.


Ante: In stud poker, the bet made on a hand before you receive your cards.

Burn Card: The top card of the deck which is placed face down in the discard pile after the shuffle and cut.

Face Cards: Any cards with “faces” (i.e. jack, king, queen).

Four of a Kind: Four cards of the same denomination.

Full House: A set of three cards of the same denomination plus a set of two cards of the same denomination.

Royal Flush: Five consecutive denomination cards of the same suit, starting from 10 and ending with an ace.

Straight: Five consecutive denomination cards of varying suits.

Straight Flush: Five consecutive denomination cards of the same suit.

Three of a Kind: Three cards of the same denomination or rank.

Two Pairs: Two sets of pairs of the same card denomination.


Burn Card: The top card of the deck which is placed face down in the discard pile after the shuffle and cut.

Bust: Term used to describe a hand with a total that exceeds 21.

Double Down: Placing an additional wager up to the amount of the original on the first two cards of the hand (the player is only allowed one card).

Face Cards: Any cards with “faces” (i.e jack, queen, king).

First Base: At a live blackjack table, the first seat to the dealers left.

Hit: Term used by a player to request an additional card.

Hole Card: The dealer’s unexposed down card.

Insurance: Security taken by player when he the dealer’s up card is an ace and the player believes the dealer’s hole card will yield a blackjack.

Natural Blackjack: A two-card total of 21 consisting of an ace and a 10-value card.

Push (Draw): When the dealer and player tie – no money is won or lost by either party.

Soft Hand: A hand containing an ace where the ace is counted as 11 (total must be 21 or less).

Soft Double Down: Doubling down when one of the two cards is an ace.

Split: Option to play each of two of the same cards as a separate hand (a separate bet equal to the original wager must be made).

Stand: Term used by player to indicate he does not wish to receive another card.

Standing Card: Term used when the dealer has a 7 or greater showing.

Standing Hand: Hand that requires the dealer to stand.

Up Card: The dealers face-up card.


Payline: The line of symbols on a slot that must be filled with certain combinations in order to yield a win.

Progressive Jackpots: A jackpot that increases as the game/games associated (networked) with it are played.

American Roulette: A wheel containing two zeros.

French Roulette (European Roulette): A wheel containing just one zero. Mainly found in the European casinos.

Inside Bet: A bet placed on a single number, two numbers or four numbers.


Come-out Roll: The first roll of the dice that establishes the point.

Crapping-out: Having a bet on the pass line and losing by rolling a 2,3, or 12 on the come-out roll.

Deuce: Term used to mean a two in dice.